On November 21, 2015, Professor Sanders participated in The Present and Future of Civil Rights Movements: Race and Reform in 21st Century America, which was held at Duke Law School and sponsored by the law school and the Duke Center on Law, Race, and Politics. Professor Sanders presented on a panel entitled The Omnipresence of Race and Inequality in Criminal Law. In her presentation, Professor Sanders examined the racial undercurrents of Williams v. New York, the Court’s most significant case governing confrontation rights at criminal sentencing. Professor Sanders discussed the unsavory subsequent history of Williams and questioned the broader inability of the Court to address or reconcile that history in its reaffirmation of Williams. Professor Sanders urged reconsideration of Williams in light of its procedural developments. The Present and Future of Civil Rights Movements presented an opportunity for scholars, teachers, practitioners, and activists to discuss their unique perspectives on inequalities throughout different facets of modern America.  In exploring today’s civil rights struggles, including the disproportionate imprisonment of populations of color, decreased access to housing, and persistent roadblocks to basic civic freedoms such as voting, this conference provided an opportunity for those who recognize the persistent impact of systematic racism to reflect on the past and present in order to better inform the future.